Want to work in Canada?, this blog is just for you.
Due to an ageing population, there are skills and labor shortages in numerous industries across Canada. The worker-to-retiree ratio is currently 4 to 1. What is the solution? When competent Canadians or permanent residents aren’t available, temporary foreign workers help Canadian firms satisfy their labor needs. Even more crucially, temporary workers help numerous industries succeed and develop, including agriculture, healthcare, and technology.
The Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) is designed for Canadian employers to hire foreign workers within a wide range of job positions. The most important part of the TFWP hiring process is applying for a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). An LMIA proves that no Canadian or permanent resident was available to fill the job position. The temporary worker you wish to hire must submit a copy of the LMIA or the LMIA number along with their work permit application.
Temporary Foreign Worker Program Streams
The TFWP is broken down into sub-categories or streams. Employers in Canada who want to hire temporary foreign workers must do so through a TFWP stream that meets their needs. To assemble a winning LMIA application for Employment and Social Development Canada, each stream has a set of standards that must be completed (ESDC).
The TWFP streams differ depending on the salaries paid to workers (above or below the Canadian average) and the worker’s skill level as defined by the NOC system (high-skilled or low-skilled workers). Below are descriptions of the seven TFWP feeds. Click here for more information.
High Wage Worker Stream:
Employers who want to engage a temporary foreign worker who will be paid at or above their province or territory’s median hourly rate must apply for an LMIA through the TFWP high-wage worker stream, demonstrating that they were unable to fill the position with a Canadian citizen or permanent resident.
Once a company receives a positive LMIA for a high-wage skilled post, they must submit a copy of the LMIA to the employee, who can then apply for a work permit or permanent residency in Canada, depending on their eligibility. Because LMIA documents are only valid for six months, foreign workers should apply for work permits as soon as available.
Low Wage Worker Stream
Employers who intend to hire a temporary foreign worker who will be paid less than their province’s or territory’s median hourly wage must apply for an LMIA through the TFWP low-wage worker stream, demonstrating that they were unable to fill the position with a Canadian citizen or permanent resident.
Employers must meet additional standards when hiring low-wage non-resident workers to safeguard their working rights and safety. Once a company receives a positive LMIA for a low-wage skilled post, they must submit a copy of the LMIA to the employee, who can then apply for a work permit or permanent residency in Canada, depending on their eligibility. Click here for more information.
Agriculture Worker Stream
Employers who need to fill specialized job roles related to agricultural output may be able to use one of two agricultural streams to speed up the hiring process due to Canada’s continual demand for agricultural labor, especially during peak seasons. Employers must guarantee that their output is in a sector listed on Canada’s national commodity list, and that the activity is related to on-farm primary agriculture in one of the following National Occupational Classification codes: 0821, 0822, 8252, 8255, 8431, 8432, and 8611.
Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program (SAWP)
Employers can hire agricultural labourers to work in Canada for up to eight months during peak farming seasons under bilateral agreements with particular nations. Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Kitts-Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trinidad and Tobago are among the Caribbean countries where foreign workers must be citizens. Employers who meet the SAWP requirements can apply for an LMIA and quickly hire competent workers with experience who can meet the additional requirements of working in Canada.
Home Care Provider Stream
Families who need to engage a foreign caregiver to care for seniors, adults with medical requirements, or children in a private residence may be allowed to do so through the TFWP’s Home Care Provider Stream, click here for more information. This stream allows families to hire foreign workers on a temporary basis if the roles to be filled match one of the following criteria:
- Caregivers for Children
- Caregivers for persons with high medical needs
Requirements to Apply for a Canada Work Permit Under the TFWP
You need to submit a work permit application with all the required documents to the IRCC. You may have to include the following documents:
- Valid job offer letter;
- Proof that you meet the requirements of the job offer;
- Copy of a positive LMIA or LMIA number;
- Proof of your English or French language abilities via test results;
- Medical examination (if needed);
- Valid passport;
- Police clearance certificate (if asked); and
- Show proof of funds to take care of yourself and any accompanying family members during your stay, and to return home.